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Recommended Varieties of Fruits, 
Nuts & Berries
(very short-lived, high maintenance)
South of Hwy 90/IH 10:
'Adina'- large, red to purple-red fruit
'Anna' - large, yellow fruit with faint red blush
'Dorsett Golden' - yellow with faint pink blush
'Ein Shemer' - crisp, yellow fruit

North of Hwy 90/IH 10:
'Adina'- large, red to purple-red fruit
'Dorsett Golden' - yellow with faint pink blush
'Gala' - orange-Yellow to almost totally red-blushed
'Granny Smith' - crisp, tart, green fruit
'Mollies Delicious' - large, red-blushed fruit
'Mutsu' - yellowish-green with a slight orangey blush

Southern Edwards Plateau:
'Fuji' - reddish-green, medium-sized fruit
'Golden Delicious' - greenish-yellow to yellow fruit
'Granny Smith' - crisp, tart, green fruit
'Holland' - very large, pale-red fruit
'Jerseymac'- firm, mostly-red fruit
'Jonagold' - greenish-yellow with red blush
'Mollies Delicious'- large, red-blushed fruit
'Mutsu' - yellowish-green with a slight orangey blush
'Red Delicious' - crimson, very juicy

(All Apples are highly susceptible to Cotton Root Rot.)

(apricots are not well-adapted to this region;
Plumcots and Peachcots give better results)
'Blenheim' - orange fruit with yellow flesh

(long-lived, low maintenance)
'Shinko' - excellent, sweet flavor, highly rated
'Ya Li' - pear-shaped, sweet, most popular in China

(long-lived, moderate maintenance)
'Brazos' - large, tart fruit
'Brison' - large fruit, sweeter than 'Brazos'
'Navajo' - thornless variety
'Rosborough' - firm fruit with tiny seeds

(must have an acid soil; the Rabbiteye cultivars are grown in
east Texas and in a few sites near Fredericksburg; not recommended)

(roots long-lived, low maintenance)
'Chang-Sha' Tangerine - seedy, but very cold-hardy
'Ichang Lemon' - large, warty, green novelty fruit
Satsuma Mandarin Orange (require winter protection):  'Armstrong', 'Kimbrough' and 'Owari' - highest quality, adapted citrus for this area
Yuzuquat - kumquat crossed with the very cold-hardy Citrus yuzu; very, very tart

(long-lived, very low maintenance)
'Alma' - heavy producer of closed-eye fruit
'Celeste' - very productive, with small, dark fruit
'Green Ischia' - the old-fashioned 'Strawberry Fig', green skinned with red flesh 
'LSU Fig' and 'Red-Gold Fig' - bear fruit on new wood; good for colder areas

(long-lived, moderate maintenance)
'Armalaga' = 'Armlong' X 'Malaga' - large to very large clusters; berry large, clear yellowish-white
'Bailey' = 'Big Berry' X 'Triumph' - very large clusters of large, black berries
'Brilliant' = 'Lindley' X 'Delaware' - large, light-red berry
'Carman' = 'Premier' X 'Triumph' - large to very large clusters; berries of medium size, black
'Champanel' = Vitis champinii X 'Worden' - large, black, juicy berry
'Ellen Scott' = 'Armlong' X 'Malaga' - cluster very large; berry violet, large to very large
'Elvicand' = 'Elvira' X native mustang grape - red berries of medium size
'Extra' = 'Big Berry' X 'Triumph' - dark purple berry is medium to large
'Ladano' = 'Salado' X 'Headlight' - berry purplish-red, medium size
'Lomanto' = 'Salado' X 'Pense' - medium to large black berry
'Lukfata' = Vitis champinii X 'Moore Early' - large berries; heat and lime tolerant, like 'Champanel'
'Nitodal' = 'Salado' X 'Pense' - berry a translucent dark red
'Orlando' - a seedless selection with small fruit.  The only Pierce's-Disease- resistant, seedless variety; but berry is too small
'Sabinal' = 'Salado' X 'Brilliant' - berry very large, and pale clear red 
'Valhallah' = 'Elvicand' X 'Brilliant' - clusters small to medium; berries dark red
avoid all vinifera varieties ('Thompson's seedless', etc.)
avoid all labrusca varieties ('Catawba', 'Concord', 'Niagara', etc.)
avoid 'Black Spanish' = 'Lenoir' (highly susceptible to fungal diseases)

(long-lived, very low maintenance; suckering habit of
thorny rootstock can cause problems)
'Lang' - reddish-brown, pear-shaped fruit for preserves
'Li' - very-large, date-like fruit

(very high maintenance crops; not recommended)

(long-lived only in Mediterranean climates, high maintenance; not recommended)
The olive of commerce, Olea europaea, is listed in standard horticultural references as a Zone 9 plant. San Antonio is located in hardiness zone 8, ten degrees colder than Zone 9. There were Olives that grew for many years in protected sites in San Antonio, but all were killed by the very low temperatures of December, 1983 and December, 1989. If you believe that global warming is here to stay and wish to try one or two, plant them only in the sandy soils south, southeast and east of here to avoid the Cotton Root Rot present in the black, clay soils derived from limestone.

(short-lived, very high maintenance)
'Frank' - beautiful and productive, a large cling fruit
'Hale Haven' - yellow freestone
'Harvester' - for the Hill Country, yellow freestone
'June Gold' - very popular, semi-cling
'La Feliciana' -yellow freestone
'La Percher' - excellent flavor, semi-cling
'Loring' - large, yellow-fleshed freestone
'Sentinel' - for the Hill Country, large, semi-freestone
'Tex-Royal' - for the Hill Country, better than 'Tex-Star'
'Tex-Star' - yellow semi-freestone
avoid my favorite, 'Sam Houston' (very susceptible to bacterial diseases)

(long-lived, low maintenance)
'Ayres' - very sweet, smooth texture; practically immune to fireblight
'Fan-Still' - fruit lacks grit cells, fireblight resistant
'Garber' - pale-yellow, apple-shaped fruit, fireblight resistant
'Monterrey' - large, yellow fruit, very few grit cells
'Warren' - great flavor and smooth texture; practically immune to fireblight
avoid fireblight-prone varieties like: 'Bartlett', 'LeConte', 'Streetman', etc.

(long-lived, moderate maintenance)
'Cheyenne' - medium-sized nut of good quality
'Choctaw' - large nut of excellent quality
'Desirable' - large, high-quality nut
'Kiowa' - like 'Desirable', bears sooner
'Little Gem' - preferred rootstock in shallow, limestone soils
avoid large kernel varieties which seldom fill completely:  'Mahan', 'Podsednik', etc.

(long-lived, low maintenance)
'Chocolate' - Excellent pollinator.  ASTRINGENT, medium-sized fruits are oblong-cylindrical with rounded apex and red-orange skin.  Tasty, juicy, chocolate-brown flesh.
'Eureka' - ASTRINGENT, very high quality red fruit
'Fuyu' - Excellent pollinator.  Medium to large fruits are non-astringent even when firm, deep tomato-red and glossy.  Flesh is light orange.  The leading commercial variety.
'Hachiya' - ASTRINGENT, very large, conical, orange-red fruit
'Izu'- Non-Astringent, excellent, orange-red, medium-large fruit; ripens very early
'Maru' - Medium-sized fruits are non-astringent, orange-red, broad, with a rounded apex.  Flesh is dark-cinnamon, sweet, with a rich quality.
'Matsumoto Wase' - A recently-introduced variety with large, rounded non-astringent fruits.  The melting flesh is sweet.  Matures earlier than 'Fuyu'.
'Meakawa Jiro' - large to very large fruits are non-astringent, four-sided and orange-yellow with glossy skin and characteristic shallow grooves on the surface.  Matures one week before 'Fuyu'.
'Nishimura Wase' - Medium to large fruits are non-astringent and orange-red.  This newer variety is the earliest to ripen and has very sweet, chocolate-brown flesh.
'Suruga' - Non-Astringent, very large, orange-red fruit; ripens late
'Tamopan' - ASTRINGENT, very large, orange fruit with a "waist"
'Tanenashi' - ASTRINGENT, conical, light orange-red fruit

(short-lived, moderate maintenance)
'Methley' - purple skin and amber flesh, self-fertile
avoid 'Santa Rosa' (very susceptible to bacterial diseases)
avoid all other varieties (pollination or chilling requirement problems)

(almost impossible to produce flavorful fruit; not recommended)

(short-lived, very high maintenance)
'Chandler' - a popular commercial variety
'Douglas' - high yields of very large fruit
'Selva' - heat-tolerant, everbearing variety
'Sequoia' - large, high-quadty fruit
'Tioga' - plant only if others not available

The botanical images on this site were produced by The Photon Hunt.

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Copyright at Common Law by Manuel Flores