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Fabaceae (Leguminosae)

Legume Family

This includes plants included by some in three separate families:
Caesalpiniaceae - Bauhinia, Caesalpinia, Cassia, Cercidium, Cercis, Delonix, Gleditsia, Gymnocladus, Hoffmannseggia, Parkinsonia, Senna, Tamarindus, etc.

Fabaceae - Amorpha, Arachis, Astragalus, Baptisia, Canavalia, Caragana, Cicer, Cladrastis, Clitoria, Coronilla, Coursetia, Crotalaria, Cytisus, Dalea, Desmodium, Dolichos, Erythrina, Eysenhardtia, Genista, Glycyrrhiza, Indigofera, Lathyrus, Lespedeza, Lotus, Lupinus, Medicago, Melilotus, Millettia, Oxyrhynchus, Oxytropis, Pachyrhizus, Petalostemon (Petalostemum), Phaseolus, Psoralea, Robinia, Sesbania, Sophora, Tephrosia, Trifolium, Vicia, Vigna, Wisteria, etc.

Mimosaceae - Acacia, Albizia, Calliandra, Desmanthus, Enterolobium, Havardia, Inga, Leucaena, Lysiloma, Mimosa, Pithecellobium, Prosopis, Samanea, Schrankia, etc.
Erythrina X bidwillii --->
- Hybrid Coral Bean -
An extraordinary perennial for full sun
which blooms from May until the first
freeze.  Once established, it requires 
no supplemental irrigation.  It is the
best natural hummingbird feeder
for central & south Texas.

Acacia berlandieri - Guajillo - Shrub

Acacia farnesiana (A. smallii) - Huisache - Tree

Acacia tortuosa - Twisted Acacia - Shrub

Acacia wrightii - Wright's Acacia - Tree

Amorpha fruticosa - Lead Plant - Shrub

Amorpha texana - Lead Plant - Shrub

Baptisia spp. and hybrids - False Indigo - best in sandy soils

Bauhinia bartlettii - Also sold as: Bauhinia sp. "Hacienda de Santa Engracia" - Shrub

Bauhinia galpinii - Also sold as Bauhinia punctata - African Orchid Tree - Perennial Shrub

Bauhinia lunarioides - Also sold as: Bauhinia congesta - Anacacho Orchid Tree - Shrub

Bauhinia lunarioides X ramossisima - Shrub

Bauhinia macranthera - Sierra Orchid Tree - Shrub to Small Tree

Bauhinia ramosissima - Shrub

Bauhinia yunnanensis - Yunnan Orchid Vine - Vine

Caesalpinia cacalaco - Cascalote - Tender Perennial but usually a large deciduous shrub after most winters. Plant in full sun where its showy thorns can be seen backlit.

Caesalpinia gilliesii - Argentine Bird-of-Paradise - Large Shrub

Caesalpinia japonica - Scandent Shrub - We have had it climb over 20 feet high if supported. Very spiny and useful for a security barrier.

Caesalpinia mexicana - Mexican Bird-of-Paradise - Shrub (Perennial after severe cold)

Caesalpinia pulcherrima - Pride-of-Barbados - Perennial

Calliandra grandiflora - Tender Perennial

Cassia alata - Candlestick Plant - Tender Perennial

Cassia wislizenii - Shrub 

Cercis canadensis var. mexicana - Chihuahuan Redbud - Large Shrub

Cercis canadensis var. mexicana 'Sanderson' - 'Sanderson' Redbud - Large Shrub

Cercis canadensis var. texensis - Texas Redbud - Small Tree

Cercis canadensis var. texensis 'Traveller' - Weeping Redbud - Shrub

Cercis reniformis - Mexican Redbud - Tree

Clianthus - Desert Pea -

Clitoria mexicana - Butterfly Pea - Vine

Dalea spp. - Groundcover to Shrub, all require full sun and good drainage

Dolichos lablab - Hyacinth Bean - Edible Annual

Erythrina X bidwillii -  Hybrid Coral Bean - Perennial - An extraordinary and spectacular perennial for full sun, which blooms from May until first freeze. The long, tubular flowers are a brilliant red and occur in spikes at the top of 6- to 8-foot stems. Once established, it requires no supplemental irrigation. Being a legume, it never needs to be fertilized. The only maintenance required in cultivation is to cut everything off at 4-inches above the soil-line after the first freeze. Their recovery is rapid in spring. The plants should be cut back even after a very mild winter to prevent them from reaching arboreal proportions. It is the best natural hummingbird feeder for central & south Texas.

Erythrina crista-galli - Fireman's Cap - - Perennial

Erythrina herbacea var. arborea - Coral Bean - Perennial

Erythrina herbacea var. herbacea - Coral Bean  - Perennial

Erythrina flabelliformis - Desert Coral Bean - Tender Perennial -

Eysenhardtia texana - Kidneywood - Shrub

Indigofera kirilowii - Pink Indigo - Perennial

Lathyrus odoratus - Sweet Pea - Annual 

Leucaena greggii - Lead Tree - Tree

Leucaena retusa - Goldenball Lead Tree - Tree

Lupinus subcarnosus - Bluebonnet, Lupine - Self-Sowing Annual

Lupinus texensis - Bluebonnet, Lupine - Self-Sowing Annual

Millettia reticulata - Evergreen Wisteria - Vine

Mimosa dysocarpa - Cat's-Claw - Shrub

Myrospermum sousanum - Sweetwood - Tree

Parkinsonia - Retama - Tree

Phaseolus - Bean - Edible Annual 

Pisum - Pea - Edible Annual 

Orbexilum pedunculatum - Mountain Pea, Sampson's Snakeroot - Perennial

Pithecellobium flexicaule - Texas Ebony - Tender Tree, not reliably cold-hardy

Prosopis alba - Argentinian Mesquite - Tree

Prosopis spp. - Mesquite - Tree

Psophocarpus tetragonolobus - Winged Bean - Edible Annual 

Psoralea pedunculata - 

Sesbania - Rattlebox -

Sophora affinis - Eve's Necklace - Tree

Sophora davidii - Shrub

Sophora secundiflora - Mescal Bean, Texas Mountain Laurel - Shrub

Wisteria macrostachya (frutescens) - Native Wisteria - Vine

Wisteria sinensis - Chinese Wisteria - Vine

The botanical images on this site were produced by The Photon Hunt.

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Copyright at Common Law by Manuel Flores