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Plant Common Names in English & Spanish
The Spanish common names included here are those used in Mexico.  Some are indeed Spanish words, others are Spanish transliterations of pre-Columbian aboriginal names.  The names have been compiled from three different sources plus my own research.  If your family has used additional names, please contact me so I can update my files.
A
Botanical Name
English Common Name
Spanish Common Name
Abelmoschus esculentus  Okra Bombo, Chimbombo
Abelmoschus manibot  Flowering Okra Viudas
Abelmoscbus moschatus  Musk Mallow Antiviperina, Hierba de la Culebra, Viborina
Acacia berlandieri  Guajillo Huajilla, Huajillo
Acacia farnesiana  Huisache Huizache
Acalypha hispida Chenille Plant Cola de Gato
Acer grandidentatum Big Tooth Maple Palo de Azucar
Acer negundo Box Elder  Acezintle
Achillea sp. Yarrow  Mil en Rama
Acoelorrhaphe weightii Paurotis Palm Tasiste
Adiantum  Maidenhair Fern Cilantrillo
Agapanthus Agapanthus Agapando
Agave sp. Century Plant  Maguey
Ageratum conyzoides  Ageratum  Sereno
Ageratum houstonianum Floss Flower Hierba de la Sarna
Alcea rosea  Hollyhock Altea, Malva Rosa
Allamanda cathartica  Golden Trumpet Llamarada
Allium schoenoprasum  Chives Cebolino, Cebolleja
Aloe vera  Aloe vera  Zabila
Aloysia gratissima White Brush Cedron, Hierba Dulce, Oreganillo, Troncoso, Vara Dulce
Aloysia triphylla  Lemon Verbena  Cedron, Hierba Luisa
Amarantbus caudatus  Love-Lies-Bleeding Flor de Seda
Amarantus tricolor  Joseph's Coat Ala de Perico
Ammi majus  Bishop's Weed Espuma de Mar
Anisacanthus sp.  Hummingbird Bush Muicle
Antigonon leptopus Queen's Crown Cadena de Amor, Coronilla, Corona, Rosa de Montaña
Antirrhinum majus  Snapdragon Perritos
Aquilegia  sp.  Columbine  Aguilena, Pajaritos
Araucaria heterophylla Norfolk Island Pine  Araucaria
Argemone mexicana Prickly Poppy  Cardo Santo, Chicalote
Ariocarpus sp. Living-Rock Cactus Chaute, Chautle
Aristolochia sp. Dutchman's Pipe  Garcitas, Flor de Pato
Artemisia ludoviciana Wormwood Estafiate
Aspidistra elatior Cast Iron Plant Hoja de Maiz

B

Botanical Name
English Common Name
Spanish Common Name
Bauhinia sp.  Orchid Tree Pata de Vaca
Beaucarnea sp. Pony Tail Palm  Palma Barrigona, Soyate, Sotolin
Borago officinalis Borage  Borraja
Bougainvillea sp. Bougainvillea  Bugambilia
Bouteloua curtipendula Side Oats Grama Navajita, Banderilla
Bouvardia ternifolia Bouvardia  Contrahierba, Mirto
Brahea armata Mexican Blue Palm Palma Blanca
Brugmansia sp. Angel's Trumpet Floripondio
Brunfelsia sp. Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow Galan de Noche
Buchloe dactyloides Buffalograss Zacate Chino
Bumelia lanuginosa Bumelia Coma

C

Botanical Name
English Common Name
Spanish Common Name
Caesalpinia pulcherrima  Pride of Barbados Tabachin, Tabaquin
Caladium  sp. Caladium Papagayo
Calendula  Calendula  Mercadela, Reinita
Callicarpa sp. Beautyberry Uvilla
Campsis radicans  Trumpetcreeper Monapesto
Canna sp. Canna  Bandera, Chancle, Coyol, Platanillo
Carya illinoinensis Pecan Nogal, Nogalito
Cassia alata  Candlestick Plant  Flor del Secreto, Tarantana
Castilleja sp. Indian Paintbrush  Calzon de Indio, Hierba del Cancer
Cedrus sp.  Cedar Cedro
Celosia cristata  Cock's Comb  Cinco de Mayo, Cresta de Gallo, Mano de Leon
Celtis pallida  Spiny Hackberry  Acebuche, Granjeño
Celtis sp. Hackberry  Palo Blanco, Combro
Cenchrus  incertus Grassbur Cadillo
Centaurea cyanus  Cornflower  Cabezuela, Pinceles
Cestrum nocturnum  Night-Blooming Jessamine  Galan de Noche, Huele de Noche
Chamaemelum nobile  Chamomille  Manzanilla
Chenopodium album  Lamb's Quarters, Pigweed  Quelite Cenizo
Chenopodium ambrosioides  Epazote  Epazote, Epazotl, Ipazote
Chilopsis linearis  Desert Willow  Acuahuitl, Mimbre
Choisya dumosa  Mexican Orange  Zorrillo
Choisya ternata  Mexican Orange  Clavillo, Hierba de Clavo
Chrysactinia mexicana  Damianita  Damiana, Damianita, Hierba de San Nicolas, Mariola, Romerillo
Cirsium sp. Thistle  Cardo, Cardo Bronco, Cardo Santo
Clematis sp.  Clematis  Barbas de Viejo
Clerodendrum thomsoniae  Bleeding-Heart Vine Arete de India
Cnidoscolus chayamansa  Chaya  Chaya de Castilla, Chaya Mansa
Cnidoscolus urens  Spurge, Nettle  Mala Mujer, Ortiga
Cobaea scandens  Mexican Ivy  Campanilla, Flor de la Campana, Hiedra
Colocasia esculenta  Elephant's Ear  Cascamote
Commelina erecta  Dayflower, Widow's  Tears  Espuelitas, Hierba del Pollo
Condalia hookeri  Condalia  Brasil, Capul, Capul Negro, Capulin
Consolida  ambigua  Larkspur Conejito, Espuela de Caballero, Mirame lindo
Cordia boissieri  Wild Olive  Anacahuite, Trompillo
Cosmos bipinnatus  Cosmos Girasol Morado, Mirasol
Cosmos sulphureus  Golden Cosmos Girasol Amarillo, Mirasol Amarillo, Xochipali, Zempual
Costus sp. Spiral Ginger  Apagafuego, Caña de jabali
Crinum sp.  Crinum Lily  Lirio, Reina, Corona del Marques
Cupressus arizonica  Arizona Cypress  Cedro, Cedro Blanco, Tascate, Tasco
Cupressus sempervirens  Italian Cypress  Cipres
Cymbopogon citratus  Lemon Grass Te Limon, Zacate Limon
Cynodon sp. Bermudagrass Gallitos, Pata de Gallo,
Zacate Bermuda
Cyphomandra betacea  Tree Tomato  Grosella, Tomate de Palo

D

Botanical Name
English Common Name
Spanish Common Name
Dahlia sp. Dahlia  Xicamaxochitl
Dasylirion sp.  Sotol  Cucharillo, Sano, Sotol, Sotol Cenizo
Datura  sp. Jimson Weed Toloache, Toloatzin
Delonix regia  Royal Poinciana  Flamboyan
Dendranthema sp.  Mum Flor de Oro
Dianthus barbatus  Sweet William  Clavel del Poeta, Clavelina
Diantbus caryophyllus  Carnation  Clavel
Dichondra sp.  Dichondra Oreja de Raton
Dieffenbachia sp. Dumb Cane  Galatea
Dioon edule  Mexican Sago Chamal, Tzamal
Dioscorea bulbifera  Air Potato  Papa del Aire, Papa Voladora
Diospyros texana  Texas Persimmon  Chapote, Chapote Manzano, Chapote Prieto
Duranta repens Brazilian Skyflower Colera de Novio, Velo de Novia
Dyssodia sp. Dahlberg Daisy  Manzanilla  Amarilla
to be continued
Copyright at Common Law by Manuel Flores