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Agavaceae

Agave Family - Includes the following genera of the Nolina Family (Nolinaceae): Beaucarnea, Calibanus, and Nolina.
Agave bracteosa --->
A very cold-hardy succulent from NE Mexico. This Century Plant is thornless and bears flexible leaves! It forms clusters to 4 feet across in a few years.
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Agave albopilosa - Hardy Succulent - Should be hardy to at least to 15º F., if acclimated. - One of the finest cliff-dwelling succulents of North America. Found only on (and near) a couple of vertical spires of ancient limestone in the Ejido of El Pajonal, in the state of Nuevo León, México. The one dozen or so inhabitants of that Ejido are sometimes outnumbered by botanical tourists and seed collectors from central and eastern Europe. Bring climbing gear for the best views!

Agave americana - Common Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave americana 'Fine Art' - 'Fine Art' Century Plant - Hardy Succulent – A cultivar with striated leaves obtained from a California nursery.

Agave americana var. picta - variegated forms of Common Century Plant - Hardy Succulent, gold-eadged forms tend to be hardiest.

Agave americana 'Marginata Alba' - White-Edged Common Century Plant - Half-Hardy Succulent

Agave americana ' Marginata Aurea' - Gold-Edged Common Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave americana 'Mediopicta Alba' - White Band Common Century Plant - Hardy Succulent, at least to 22º F., if acclimated.

Agave americana 'Mediopicta Aurea' - Gold Band Common Century Plant - Hardy Succulent, at least to 22º F., if acclimated.

Agave americana 'Yellow Ribbons' - ‘Yellow Ribbons’ Century Plant) - A robust and cold hardy form of Agave americana ' Marginata Aurea' - Hardy Succulent.

Agave americana var. expansa - Wide Leaf Common Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave americana ssp. protoamericana - Chihuahuan Desert Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave americana ssp. protoamericana 'Bandito' - 'Bandito' Chihuahuan Desert Century Plant - Hardy Succulent - A xeric form with cross-banded leaves collected near La Escondida, Nuevo León, México.

Agave americana ssp. protoamericana 'Funky Toes' - ‘Funky Toes’ Chihuahuan Desert Century Plant - Hardy Succulent - Possibly an intergrade with Agave salmiana var. ferox.

Agave americana ssp. protoamericana 'Miquihuana Silver' - 'Miquihuana Silver' Chihuahuan Desert Century Plant - Hardy Succulent - A form collected near Miquihuana, Tamaulipas, México.

Agave americana var. protoamericana 'Lemon Lime' - 'Lemon Lime' Chihuahuan Desert Century Plant - Half-Hardy Succulent

Agave americana ssp. protoamericana 'Pokey Ghost' - 'Pokey Ghost' Chihuahuan Desert Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave americana ssp. protoamericana 'Silver Surfer' - ‘Silver Surfer’ Chihuahuan Desert Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave applanata - Maguey - Hardy Succulent

Agave applanata ‘Cream Spike’ - Formerly known as Agave parryi ‘Cream Spike’ - Half-Hardy Succulent

Agave X 'Aristocrat' - Agave mitis (celsii) X Agave polianthiflora - 'Aristocrat' Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave asperrima ssp. asperrima - formerly: Agave scabra var. scabra - Rough-Leafed Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave asperrima ssp. maderensis  - formerly: Agave scabra var. maderensis – Sierra de la Madera Century Plant - Hardy Succulent - Unlike the other subspecies with gray to silvery leaves, these plants have green leaves.

Agave asperrima ssp. potosiensis  - formerly: Agave scabra var. potosiensis - Rough-Leafed Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave asperrima var. zarcensis - formerly: Agave scabra var. zarcensis - Rough-Leafed Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave 'Baccarat' – formerly known as Agave montana 'Baccarat' - Hardy Succulent - Now thought to be a hybrid of Agave gentryi and Agave montana.

Agave bracteosa - Hardy Succulent - Forms clustering rosettes of soft, flexible leaves with no spines. 

Agave bracteosa 'Calamar' - Hardy Succulent - A generally non-clumping form of Agave bracteosa.

Agave bracteosa 'Monterrey Frost' - Hardy Succulent - A variegated form that requires afternoon shade in our area. Though it is probably cold hardy here, most maintain it in containers and protect it from hard freezes.

Agave chrysantha - Arizona Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave 'Desert Love' - Thought to be hybrids of Agave ovatifolia and Agave parrasana and/or Agave asperrima - Hardy Succulent

Agave difformis – Snake-Leaf Lechuguilla - Hardy Succulent - Not all clones exhibit the undulating leaves. We discard all seedlings over 5 years old if they lack this desirable trait.

Agave 'Durango Fandango' - Agave schidigera 'Durango Delight' X Agave
flexispina - Hardy Succulent

Agave filifera ssp. filifera - Half-Hardy Succulent (will die in a wet winter but can survive our cold weather if dry)

Agave filifera ssp. schidigera - See: Agave schidigera

Agave flexispina - Hardy Succulent

Agave funkiana - Blue Lechuguilla - Hardy Succulent

Agave funkiana 'Superfunky' - 'Superfunky' Giant Lechuguilla - Hardy Succulent - An outstanding new selection with over 41” (1.05 meter) long, very blue (glaucous) leaves with straight margins. Has been exposed to 14º F., with no damage to leaves or buds.

Agave funkiana 'Hakuro Shiro Fukurin' - Half Hardy Succulent - A variegated selection.

Agave garciae-mendozae - Hardy Succulent

Agave gentryi - Formerly known as: Agave macroculmis - Mountain Century Plant - Hardy Succulent - My favorite location for this species is the Cerro Potosi in west central Nuevo León. Drive N from Galeana almost to the village of 18 de Marzo, turn left and ascend the trail built to reach the microwave relay station at the summit. If you reach the windswept top, you’ll see the amazing Pinus culminicola as well as a giant lupine and delphinium. If you go in the summer, descend before mid afternoon to avoid becoming a human lightning rod.

Agave gentryi ‘Jaws’ - ‘Jaws’ Mountain Century Plant - Hardy Succulent 

Agave gracilipes - Hardy Succulent - Thought to be a natural hybrid of Agave lechuguilla and A. neomexicana

Agave 'Grey Gator' - Thought to be Agave asperrima X Agave salmiana var. ferox - Hardy Succulent

Agave 'Hacksaw' - Hardy Succulent - Selected from the Agave 'Stairway to Heaven' hybrid seed strain. 

Agave havardiana - Havard's Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave 'Huasteca Giant' - A hybrid form of Agave ovatifolia from the upper reaches of Huasteca Canyon near Monterrey, Nuevo León, México - Hardy Succulent

Agave lechuguilla - Lechuguilla - Hardy Succulent

Agave lophantha - Hardy Succulent

Agave lophantha 'Quadricolor' - Hardy Succulent

Agave lophantha 'Splendida' - Hardy Succulent

Agave 'Mateo' - Apparently Agave bracteosa crossed with possibly Agave lophantha - Hardy Succulent

Agave montana - Mountain Century Plant - Hardy Succulent - Does best with summer shade after 2:00 PM.

Agave X 'Mr. Ripple' - 'Mr. Ripple' Century Plant - Hardy Succulent - Thought to be a hybrid of Agave salmiana var. ferox and Agave americana ssp. protoamericana.

Agave multifilifera - Hardy Succulent

Agave murpheyi - Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave murpheyi 'Engard'- Also listed and sold incorrectly as: Agave murpheyi 'Rodney' - Hardy Succulent 

Agave murpheyi 'Turner' - Hardy Succulent - A variegated “medio-picta” form of Agave murpheyi selected by Dave Turner. Sometimes sold incorrectly as Agave murpheyi medio-picta 'Turner'

Agave neomexicana - Also known as: Agave parryi subspecies neomexicana - New Mexico Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave nickelsiae - formerly known as Agave ferdinandi-regis - Hardy Succulent

Agave obscura - Also considered by some to be a form of Agave polyacantha or Agave xalapensis - Century Plant - Hardy Succulent 

Agave ocahui - Hardy Succulent, especially those grown from seed collected in the higher elevations of its range in NW México.

Agave ocahui 'Wavy Gravy' - Hardy Succulent

Agave X 'Oh Victory' - Agave victoriae-reginae X Agave ocahui - Hardy Succulent

Agave oroensis - Also known as: Agave americana var. oroensis - Hardy Succulent

Agave ovatifolia - Whale Tongue Century Plant - Hardy Succulent - A plant from the Sierra de Lampazos, Nuevo León, NE México. This gigantic species is spectacular and has been grown in Texas for many years. 

Agave ovatifolia 'Feeding Frenzy'- A monstrose selection with wavy leaves. - Hardy Succulent

Agave ovatifolia 'Flipper'- Variegated Whale Tongue Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave ovatifolia 'Frosty Blue' - 'Frosty Blue' Whale Tongue Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave ovatifolia 'Vanzie' - 'Vanzie' Whale Tongue Century Plant - Hardy Succulent - 
A faster-growing selection with channeled, wavy leaves.

Agave palmeri - Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave parrasana - Hardy Succulent (if kept very dry in winter) 

Agave parrasana 'FireBall' - Hardy Succulent (if kept very dry in winter) - A form said to be propagated from a variegated plant collected in habitat.

Agave parrasana 'Meat Claw' - Hardy Succulent (if kept very dry in winter)

Agave parryi - Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave parryi 'J.C. Raulston' - Hardy Succulent

Agave parryi ssp. huachucensis - Hardy Succulent

Agave parryi ssp. truncata - Century Plant - Hardy Succulent - one of the most horticulturally attractive forms of this species

Agave parryi ssp. truncata 'Huntington' - Hardy Succulent

Agave parryi ssp. neomexicana - Also known as: Agave neomexicana - Hardy Succulent

Agave X phillipsiana - Thought to be Agave palmeri X Agave americana var.expansa - Grand Canyon Hybrid Century Plant - Hardy Succulent - Hard to obtain since the "Endangered Feces" people have appropriated it. 

Agave 'Pointed Traveler' - Agave nickelsiae X Agave lechugilla - Hardy Succulent

Agave x romanii - A hybrid of Agave filifera and Agave mitis var. albidior - Hardy Succulent, though it is too new to know with certainty.

Agave x romanii 'Shadow Dancer' - A variegated selection of Agave x romanii - Hardy Succulent, though it is too new to know with certainty.

Agave X 'Royal Spine' - A hybrid of Agave macroacantha and A. victoriae-reginae - Half-Hardy Succulent

Agave salmiana - Pulque Agave - Hardy Succulent

Agave salmiana 'Butterfingers' - Half Hardy Succulent - A variegated form.

Agave salmiana var. ferox - Ornamental Pulque Agave - Hardy Succulent

Agave salmiana var. ferox 'Bellville' - 'Bellville' Pulque Agave - Hardy Succulent

Agave salmiana var. ferox 'Bothe' - 'Bothe' Pulque Agave - Hardy Succulent - Named for Brett Roderic Bothe. Has also been sold as Agave salmiana 'Esther' honoring Esther Cappelli. The name is also listed incorrectly as, Boethe, in some publications

Agave salmiana var. ferox 'Bump in the Night' - Ornamental Pulque Agave - Hardy Succulent - A monstrose selection from Flatonia, Texas. Similar to Agave salmiana var. ferox 'Bellville'.

Agave salmiana var. ferox 'Crazy Horse' - Ornamental Pulque Agave - Hardy Succulent

Agave salmiana var. ferox 'Green Goblet' - Ornamental Pulque Agave - Hardy Succulent

Agave salmiana var. ferox 'Logan Calhoun' - Ornamental Pulque Agave - One author is calling this Agave X pseudoferox 'Logan Calhoun' - Hardy Succulent

Agave scabra - See: Agave asperrima - Rough-Leafed Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave schidigera - Hardy Succulent (if kept dry in winter)

Agave schidigera 'Shira ito no Ohi' - Hardy Succulent (if kept dry in winter)

Agave X 'Shark Bite' - Hardy Succulent - A variegated form selected from tissue-cultured Agave 'Sharkskin Shoes'

Agave X 'Sharkskin Shoes' - Hardy Succulent - hybrid of Agave nickelsiae and A. asperrima - A selection from the Ruth Bancroft Garden first distributed as Agave 'Ruth Bancroft'. It is said to be more upright than Agave 'Sharkskin'.

Agave shrevei ssp. magna - Hardy Succulent

Agave sisalana fa. armata - Spiny Sisal - Hardy Succulent - I have grown a clone of this form in several sites in northern San Antonio for over 20 years with no winter protection. It flowers and produces bulbils. Though it has survived 14º F. with very minimal leaf burn if acclimated, it was severely damaged by 17º F. in the winter of 2016-17, following weeks of very wet and warm weather.

Agave 'Stairway to Heaven' - A hybrid of Agave lophantha and Agave salmiana var. ferox 'Logan Calhoun' - Hardy Succulent

Agave 'Straight and Narrow' - Agave bracteosa X Agave striata - Hardy Succulent

Agave striata ssp. striata - Hardy Succulent

Agave striata ssp. striata 'Espadina' - Hardy Succulent - An especially large form from near Monclova, Coahuila, NE México.

Agave tenuifolia - Hardy Succulent

Agave victoriae-reginae - Queen Victoria's Agave - Hardy Succulent

Agave victoriae-reginae 'Kazo Bana' - A gold-edged form of Agave victoriae-reginae - Hardy Succulent

Agave victoriae-reginae 'Porcupine' - Hardy Succulent

Agave victoriae-reginae 'White Rhino' - Also sold as Agave victoriae-reginae ‘Baker's White‘ or Agave victoriae reginae 'Hyou Zan' and sold incorrectly as Agave victoriae-reginae 'Albomarginata' and Agave victoriae-reginae 'Marginata Alba' - Hardy Succulent - A selection originally from the collection of Bill Baker (California Gardens Nursery). 'White Rhino' was named by Xeric Growers, but the name ‘Baker's White‘ is older.

Agave victoriae-reginae X Agave asperrima - These might actually be Agave nickelsiae X Agave asperrima - Hardy Succulent

Agave victoriae-reginae X Agave lechuguilla - These might actually be Agave nickelsiae X Agave lechuguilla - Hardy Succulent


Agave weberi - Weber's Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

A very elegant and sculptural agave, with no thorns along the smooth leaf margins. Each leaf bears a single terminal thorn that can be cut off with pruners to make the plants safer around walkways or children. With good care, it can grow to over 4' to 6' high and wide and does best in full sun to half-day sun, in a location with good drainage. In fact, this species often looks better in sites with late afternoon shade.  Requires no supplemental irrigation once established, except during prolonged summer droughts.


Agave weberi 'Arizona Star' - 'Arizona Star' Weber's Century Plant - Hardy Succulent

Agave weberi 'LimeLight' - 'LimeLight' Weber's Century Plant - Hardy Succulent - A selection with a wide chartreuse central band on the leaves.

Agave weberi 'Purple Heart' - 'Purple Heart' Weber's Century Plant - Hardy Succulent - A selection with a 1" wide purple central stripe on the leaves.

Agave wocomahi - Hardy Succulent

Agave wocomahi 'Basaseachic' - Hardy Succulent

Agave xylonacantha - Hardy Succulent - Even if the above-ground parts are killed by temperatures below 15º F., the rhizomes will resprout from well-established clumps. 

Agave xylonacantha 'Fatal Attraction' - Hardy Succulent - Even if the above-ground parts are killed by temperatures below 15º F., the rhizomes will resprout from well-established clumps.

Agave xylonacantha 'Frostbite' - Half-Hardy Succulent 
 

Tropical Agave species and cultivars for containers. 
Protect below 30º F.

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

Other Agavaceae species

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

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The botanical images on this site were produced by The Photon Hunt.

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Copyright at Common Law by Manuel Flores